Minority Profile: Egypt's Nubians
Minority Profile: Egypt's Non-Religious
The Nubians have been displaced for over 100 years, yet the government repeatedly denies their legal rights to resettle on their historic homelands in Upper Egypt.
Dozens of Nubians were arrested in 2016 and 2017 for participating in protests against the conversion of Nubian land into militarized zones, as decided by the president and government.
Minority Profile: Egypt’s Christians
The Egyptian state has institutionalized harsh treatment of non-religious minorities; atheism is deemed an evil that must be combated.
Egypt's Minority Profile: Jews
Though a legally protected minority, Christians face several challenges, including limits on the construction and maintenance of churches. Converts to Christianity are often harassed by the state and by private citizens, and Christians are subject to blasphemy charges.
Minority Profile: Egypt’s Bahá’í
The Jewish community in Egypt has dwindled to a margin of its original size as a result of forced deportation or voluntary migration, both responses to political and social discrimination.
Minority Profile: Egypt's Shi'a
Established in the mid-1800s, the Bahá’í faith has existed in Egypt for over one hundred years.
Despite having deep Egyptian roots, Shi’a have been targeted in deadly attacks, arrested in disproportionate numbers, and prevented from practicing their religion.