Minority Profile: Egypt's Shi'a

Despite having deep Egyptian roots, Shi’a have been targeted in deadly attacks, arrested in disproportionate numbers, and prevented from practicing their religion.

While some efforts have been made to deliver justice (like the recent sentences handed down to those convicted of lynching four Shi’a in 2014), the group’s small size has presented obstacles for greater protection.

The Egyptian state, religious institutions, and media often represent Shi’ism as a “threat” to Egyptian social order, particularly for its perceived connection with Iran’s expanding influence.